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A dependent preposition is a preposition that always follows the same expression; for example, we say ‘interested in’ and not X ‘interested on‘ or ‘interested about‘ X.
As we saw in the previous two episodes, dependent prepositions can depend on a verb or adjective, as well as a noun.

There are dependent prepositions which go before certain nouns and others that go after certain nouns.

IN
in agreement – Are we in agreement with the way English should be taught?
in doubt – I’m in doubt about which course to write next.
in a hurry – Are you in a hurry to finish this podcast?
increase/decrease in – rise/fall in “There’s been a fall in the value of the euro and the pound.”
difficulty in/with – Is there anything you’re having difficulty with?

OF
(take) advantage of – Take advantage of these podcasts and the free courses on mansioningles.com
as a result of – As a result of this podcast we’ve met some wonderful people.

ABOUT
information about/on – Where can listeners find information about/on FCE courses? On the Mansión Inglés website
anxiety about – She feels a lot of anxiety about her test tomorrow.

ON
on strike – Have you ever gone on strike?
on average – How much coffee do you drink on average?
on the whole – On the whole, are you pleased with life in Valencia?
opinion on (attitude towards) – What’s your attitude towards underage drinking?

AT
at risk – Do you think the EU is at risk? Will it break up?
at fault – I apologise. I am at fault. Sorry!

FOR
need for – There’s a need for good government. / There’s a need for change.
reason for – What’s the reason for the indecision in Spanish politics?
taste for – There’s a well-known podcaster with a taste for dark chocolate.

      

   

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Discussing Trends – upward and downward trends

Verbs/Nouns – DOWN

to decline/a decline
to go down
to drop/a drop
to fall/a fall
to decrease/a decrease
to dip/a dip
to slide – deslizar /a slide

More extreme

to plummet
to halve/a halving
to plunge/a plunge
to nosedive/a nosedive
to tumble/a tumble

      

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What is addiction?

“Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance (e.g., coffee, sugar, nicotine) or engages in an activity (e.g., gambling, shopping) that can be pleasurable but the continued use/act of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work, relationships, or health.

Users may not be aware that their behavior is out of control and causing problems for themselves and others.”

abstinence – A deliberate decision to avoid harmful behaviors, including relations before marriage, tobacco, etc. (verb – to abstain from doing something)
addictive – A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence.
psychological dependence – A condition in which a person believes that a substance is needed in order to feel good or function normally.

      

   

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To get up, get dressed, get undressed

How long does it take you to get dressed? Do you get dressed as soon as you get up?
To put on your clothes/ to take off your clothes
To do up/undo… buttons, a zip, your coat, shirt etc.
To button/unbutton a coat, shirt, (or anything with buttons)
To zip up/unzip
To tie/untie (a knot)
To buckle/unbuckle (a belt, shoes with a buckle – hebilla)
To do up = to tie your shoelaces
Underwear: pants (shorts US – calzoncillos), knickers (panties US), tights (panty hose US), vest (camiseta sin mangas in the UK, chaleco in the US), socks, bra
Stockings (medias) and suspenders (garters US)
High heel(ed) shoes = high heels – tacones
To get dressed up – arreglado/a
To wear clothes

      


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