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Cooking Vocabulary and Our Favourite Food

Verbs of Ways of Cooking

to bake: To dry cook in an oven by using heat. (eg. bake bread, bake a cake, bake potatoes)
to boil: To cook (something in) a liquid at a very high/maximum temperature
to broil (American English): To cook meat or vegetables on a rack/grill at an extremely high temperature by exposure to direct heat.
to grill: To cook by putting the food on a grill; similar to broil.
to barbecue: To cook foods (primarily meat) on a barbecue/grill by using fire or hot coals.
fry: To cook by putting the food into extremely hot oil. – freír
sauté: To quickly fry food by placing it in hot oil in a frying pan.
stir fry: To cook small pieces of food by moving it quickly in hot oil
roast: To cook in the oven or over a fire, usually with oil/butter. (eg. roast beef & roast potatoes)
stew : To cook a heavy mixture slowly for a long time – estofar
scramble: To mix the white and yellow parts of eggs together while cooking them in a pan. Scrambled eggs – huevos revueltos



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Immigrants and Immigration

What’s the difference between immigrate and emigrate?

What’s the difference be an ex-pat and an immigrant?

Emigrate means to leave one’s country to live in another. Immigrate is to come into another country to live permanently. Migrate is to move, like birds in the winter.

Why do people emigrate?


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10 more phrasal verbs that you should know 10 more phrasal verbs you should know

We spoke about 20 Phrasal Verbs that English Students Should Know in Episode 98 – This was a very popular episode, so here are 10 more:

1. To bring up – Craig was brought up in London. Reza was brought up in Belfast. / I’ll bring it up at the meeting / I had a dodgy kebab and brought it up an hour later.
2. To fill out/fill in – Please fill in this form in capital letters. / Your teacher is off sick, so I’m filling in for her today.
3. To hold up – I can’t see it. Can you hold it up, please? / Sorry I’m late, I was held up at work. / They held up the bank and got away with over a quarter of a million euros. (also noun: a hold up)
4. To make up – I don’t think he saw Tom Cruise in Mercadona. I think he made it up. / Are you going to make yourself up and put on a dress (also, put on make up) / I’m sorry I forgot your birthday. How can I make it up to you?



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Need need and dare

Need can be a main verb and a modal auxiliary verb.

Main verb: I need to improve my Spanish. / Do you need any help? / We don’t need any milk.
Everyone needs to feel loved.
As with other main verbs, add an ‘s’ for 3rd person singular positive form. He needs to know as soon as possible.
…and use ‘do’ ‘did’ and ‘does’ to make questions: Did you need to get up early today?
Need is followed by an infinitive.

Modal auxilliary ‘need’ is more common in British English and in the negative form.
You needn’t worry. / She needn’t book in advance.
As with other modal verbs, there’s no ‘s’ added for 3rd person singular negative and you make questions and negatives without the word ‘do’ – Need I pay to use the phone?

We use ‘need’ in the negative form mostly to indicate that there is no obligation or necessity to do something:
You needn’t take off your shoes. – You don’t need to take off your shoes.


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