Wikipedia: “Alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as
(presented as) having the healing effects of medicine,
but does not originate from evidence gathered using the scientific
method. Nor is it part of biomedicine, nor contradicted by scientific
evidence or established science.”
Examples include new and traditional medicine practices such as
homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, energy medicine, various forms of
acupuncture, acupressure, traditional Chinese medicine, cupping,
Ayurvedic medicine, Sekkotsu, Reiki, Bach flowers remedies, aromatherapy,
Alexander technique, crystal healing, Shiatsu, reflexology,
chromotherapy/colour therapy and Christian faith healing.
We don’t have time to speak about ALL the difference types, but we’re
going to look at four kinds of alternative medicine and see if we
believe that they actually work.
We’ll look at HOMEOPATHY, ACUPUNCTURE, AROMATHERAPY and The ALEXANDER
9 Spanish Words We Need In English
1.GUIRI – a foreigner, usually a tourist, who happens to be in Spain and
stands out as being pretty obviously not a local. (GRINGO in Central/South
Do you wear sandals and socks? Walk on the sunny side of the street in
“Only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the midday sun!”
2. ESTRENAR – to wear or use something for the first time.
Wear for the first time
Make a debut in a job or in a new post or position
(Films in the cinema) Premiere, release a film, to perform for the first
3. ESPABILAR – To liven up, to hurry up, to get one’s act together, to
wake up, to get a move on, move yourself!
¡Espabila o el banco estará cerrado! – Get your arse in gear or the bank
will be closed!
In this episode we’re going to help you
understand and use vague language. What are you doing later this
evening? – I’ve got to sort out some stuff at home. (What stuff?)
Vague language – not distinct (vago/a)
Sometimes vague language is bad:
How much does this cost? – Around 15 quid, more or less.
Legal contracts and documents, for example, shouldn’t be vague.
When we speak though, we often use vague language.
What did you do yesterday morning?
I took the number 19 bus into the centre of Valencia and bought a pair
of blue shoes and a beige pair of shorts in El Corte Inglés. Then I met
Michelle for coffee in Starbucks at 12.30. (too much boring detail!)
I went into town to get a few things and then I met a friend for coffee.
STUFF – There’s so much stuff in my bag. / Clean all that stuff off the
floor. (stuff is uncountable: “A lot of stuff” / “Lots of stuff.” /
“Much stuff” / “Loads of stuff.”
What’s that stuff you use to make your hair soft?
THINGS – Pass me that thing/thingy on the table. / Don’t forget to take
all those things with you when you go.
Time Clauses and Time Expressions
AFTER – I made coffee after Reza arrived. / After Reza arrived, I made
I’ll have a shower after you.
What are you doing after we finish recording?
More uses of after:
day after day – día tras día. What are the same mistakes you keep
correcting in your classes day after day.
one after the other – uno tras otro. I can’t stop eating chocolates.
Once I start, I eat them one after the other.
one excuse after another – excusas y más excusas. When I ask my students
for hand in their writing homework I get a load odd excuses, one after
after you! – ¡pase usted!, ¡usted primero!
close the door after you – cierra la puerta al salir or cuando salgas
I’m tired of cleaning up after you – Estoy cansado de ir detrás de ti