Too and Enough
too – demasiado
enough – no bastante
Reza’s TOO poor to buy designer clothes.
Designer clothes are TOO EXPENSIVE. (TOO + ADJECTIVE)
Reza doesn’t have ENOUGH MONEY. (ENOUGH + NOUN)
TOO goes before an adjective or an adverb. ‘It’s too expensive’ / ‘She
speaks too quickly.’
ENOUGH goes before the noun. – ‘I don’t have enough money.’
ENOUGH goes after adjectives – ‘Are you warm enough?’ / ‘Is your coffee
ENOUGH often goes with the negative NOT. ‘I’m NOT warm ENOUGH.’
You can use ENOUGH AFTER a verb – ‘Podcasters do NOT get paid ENOUGH
money.’ / ‘You’re NOT studying ENOUGH.’
All + uncountable/plural countable nouns
Eg. He ate all the food. (uncountable noun) / These students are all my
friends. (plural countable noun)
Pronoun + all
Eg.Craig and I love you all./ We all love holidays. / It all seemed a
bit strange, from start to finish./ They all came to see us. / We love
you all / We love all of our listeners.
All of + object form of pronoun (Compare with Pronoun + all)
Eg. Craig and I love all of you.
We all love holidays / All of us love holidays.
It all semed a bit strange / All of it seemed a bit strange.
They all came to see us. / All of them came to see us.
All = all of + determiner (the, this, those, my, etc.) “All of” is more
common in American Eng.
Eg. Craig’s eaten all (of) the chocolate.
The listeners had heard all (of) my jokes before.
Not all podcasts are popular. (Talking about podcasts in general. No “the”;
Not all (of) the podcasts are popular. (Talking about specific podcasts.
eg. Aprender inglés con Reza y Craig podcasts.)
All’s well with me at the moment.
How Not to Repeat Yourself in English
Saying ‘Can you repeat that, please?’
Sorry, I didn’t get/catch that.
Sorry, what was that (you said)?
I’m afraid I don’t follow (you) (formal)
Come again? (informal)
Saying ‘hello’ and ‘How are you?’
How’s it going?
How are you doing?
How are things?
’bout you! (Belfast greeting – ‘How about you?)
Ey up! (Greeting in the North of England)
Whatcha! (What you)
Phrasal Verbs with TAKE and GET
Take off (clothes) Doctor: “Take your shirt off, please.” “Please take
off your shoes before you go inside.”
(despegar) “What time does your plane take off?”
Take off (a person, to impersonate) “Can you take off Donald Trump?”
(when a business or career is successful) “Our podcast has really taken
off this year.”
(to leave) “What time are you taking off today?”, (take time off) “I’m
taking a couple of days off work.”
Take up (accept an offer) “Not many students wanted to take up the offer
of free classes at 7 o’clock in the morning.”
(occupy) “Craig’s Mickey Mouse memorabilia takes up a lot of space in
his bedroom.“ “Podcasting takes up a lot of time.”
(start doing) Take up a hobby.
Take on (employ new people): “Our company’s expanding and we’re going to
take on more employees.” / (engañar) “You were taken on with that car.
It’s not worth 4,000 euros.” / (challenge/fight/compete against)
“Although Goliath was a giant, David took him on and won.” “Who are
valencia taking on next week?”
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