What is addiction?
“Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance
or engages in an activity (e.g., gambling, shopping) that can be
pleasurable but the continued use/act of which becomes compulsive and
interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work,
relationships, or health.
Users may not be aware that their behavior is out of control and causing
problems for themselves and others.”
(source: Psychology Today website)
Getting Dressed and Undressed
To get up, get dressed, get undressed
How long does it take you to get dressed? Do you get dressed as soon as
you get up?
To put on your clothes/ to take off your clothes
To do up/undo… buttons, a zip, your coat, shirt etc.
To button/unbutton a coat, shirt, (or anything with buttons)
To zip up/unzip
To tie/untie (a knot)
To buckle/unbuckle (a belt, shoes with a buckle – hebilla)
To do up = to tie your shoelaces
Underwear: pants (shorts US – calzoncillos), knickers (panties US),
tights (panty hose US), vest (camiseta sin mangas in the UK, chaleco in
the US), socks, bra
Stockings (medias) and suspenders (garters US)
High heel(ed) shoes = high heels – tacones
To get dressed up – arreglado/a
To wear clothes
What are you wearing? (now)
What did you wear yesterday? (past)
What do you wear for work (usually – as a habit)
Common Collocations with BREAK, CATCH
smash, fracture a bone, shatter, stop functioning, descansar, hacer
To physically break something: break a glass / break a limb (arm or leg)
break someone’s heart
break a habit – to break a bad habit, replace it with a good one
break a promise (make, keep a promise)
break a record – Have we broken the record for the most podcasts
recorded in 3 days?
break the ice – What are your favourite ‘ice-breakers’?
break the law – Have you ever broken the law?
break the news to someone
break the rules ‘Rules are made to be broken’
Common Collocations with KEEP, SAVE and
KEEP (guardar, conservar)
“Don’t drink all the water. We need to keep some for tomorrow.”
Quedarse con – “I’ve decided to keep this microphone and not return it
to the shop.”
Guardar, almacenar – “Where do you keep the sugar?’
Criar – “My aunt Mary has kept bees for over forty years.”
Seguir (continue) – ‘He kept working until six o’clock.’ / ‘Keep walking
until you get to the beach.’
keep a promise (make and break)
keep a secret – Are you good or bad at keeping secrets?
keep an appointment (make and cancel)
keep calm (and carry on) – mantener la calma / tranquilizarse
keep in touch (with) – seguir en contacto / get in touch
Keep in mind – no olvidar, tener en cuenta
keep the change
keep it real! – ¡sé sincero!
keep your chin up
keep taking the tablets!
keep your nose out of someone’s business
keep your hair on! = Don’t get angry!
keep well out of it/something