Read about six world festivals and match the texts (1- 6) to the photos (a – f).
The Festival of Lights - Diwali
Mardi Gras – New Orleans, USA
The White Nights Festival -
The Glastonbury Festival -
The Burning Man Festival –
Black Rock Desert, Nevada, USA
The Rio Carnival - Brasil
This is an annual international cultural event during the season of the midnight
sun. The festival consists of a series of classical ballet, opera and music
events and includes performances by national dancers, singers, musicians and
actors, as well as famous international guest stars.
The Scarlet Sails celebration is the culmination of the season. This is the
largest public event anywhere in the country, and it has an annual estimated
attendance about one million people. Most are students from hundreds of schools
and colleges, both local and international.
The festival begins in May at the Mariinsky Theatre and ends in July. However,
some performances connected to the festival take place before and after the
This is quite possibly the finest, and definitely the largest, music and
performing arts festival in the world. The festival is best known for its
contemporary music, but also features dance, comedy, theatre, circus, cabaret
and many other arts.
Last year, over 700 acts played on over 80 stages and the attendance reached
It may not always attract the biggest-name bands, but there’s something special
about the vibe in the surrounding countryside. There’s a lot of drugs, a lot of
mud, a lot of young people and a great atmosphere.
It takes place the last weekend in June each year and lasts for three days.
This just has to be the biggest and the best known carnival parade in the world.
It has been going on since the 1930’s and more than 500,000 visitors come here
every year adding to a local population of around a million party people.
The carnival takes place forty days before Easter, and the celebrations last for
four days culminating in the Samba Parade. Three to five thousand people from
samba schools all over the city perform with floats, music themes and costumes
and spectators party in the streets. The parade itself starts Sunday evening and
continues into early Monday morning.
The hedonistic attitude of Carnival comes from its history as a final chance to
party and go crazy before the more serious and religious Easter holiday.
Here you can see between forty and fifty parades of huge, carefully designed
floats, dancing, music and marching that all takes place along several different
routes during this two week long festival every February.
As well as the colourful parades, this is a time for picnics, formal dances and
dressing up and everyone is encouraged to wear the traditional colours of purple
(for justice), green (for faith), and gold (for power).
Although some sections of the city may have a bad reputation, most of the
parades and events are suitable for children to attend. None of the parades now
go through the French Quarter because the streets are too narrow and the area is
full of party goers looking to drink - and behave - to excess.
The event is open to public for 8 days. It begins on the last Monday in August
and ends on the first Monday in September. It opens on the Monday of the week
before, at 12 AM. Some organized volunteers, however, arrive a few weeks in
advance to prepare for the festival which takes place in a desert.
Last year, nearly 50,000 people took part in the project. It has grown from
being a beach party celebrating the summer solstice to the incarnation of
personal freedom and radical self expression.
The most important part of the festival is being part of the event, which
involves living in a temporary and specially built city community in the desert,
and testing your self expression and self reliance. This can be in the form of
taking part in art projects and community life or just going a bit crazy.
If you’re looking for a totally unique experience, this festival will provide
you with one, but only if you join in.
Festival goers should take note that money is not really used at the event (and
can only buy you coffee and ice), normal vehicles are not permitted (so bring a
bicycle) and clothes are optional. But entertainment is top quality, and all
kinds of musical, theatrical and visual arts performances happen spontaneously.
The festival reaches its climax on Saturday evening with the burning of a large
This is a significant festival in many eastern religions and an official holiday
in India. Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists light small clay lanterns filled
with coconut oil to signify victory of good over evil.
The five day festival takes place on the new moon between October 13 and
November 14. The main celebrations and the biggest fireworks displays happen on
the third day. Children have school holidays and lots of families take the
opportunity to spend time together. They also celebrate with big meals and
giving gifts, though like Christmas, it is also a time for charity.
As well as light displays there are street markets with food, music and circus
style entertainment. People wear new clothes and women paint traditional designs
on their hands with henna.
Read the texts again and find the translations for the following Spanish words.
- Text 1
interpretación, actuación =
- Text 2
- Text 3
- Text 4
animar (a una persona) =
- Text 5
participar (en algo) = o
- Text 6
fuegos artificiales =
Tom Sawyer – Part One
Before you read the text, read the following comprehension questions.
1. What did the old lady find under the bed?
2. What did Tom have on his mouth and hands?
3. What was Tom’s aunt going to hit him with?
4. Which sentence in the text means ‘When you get older, you don’t learn
5. What happened to Tom’s mum?
Now read the text and answer the questions.
"What's happened to that boy, I wonder? Hey TOM!"
The old lady took off her glasses and looked around the room; then she put them
back on again and looked out over them. She almost never looked THROUGH them for
so small a thing as a boy; they were her best pair, the pride of her heart, and
were built for "style," not service. She could have seen just as clearly if she
were wearing two saucers in front of her eyes.
She looked worried for a moment, and then said, not angrily,
but still loud enough for the furniture to hear:
"Well, I swear to God if I get hold of you Tom, I'll…………"
She did not finish, because by this time she was bending down and pushing under
the bed with the broom, and she needed breath to push the broom with. Under the
bed she found nothing but the cat.
"I never did understand that boy!"
She went to the open door and stood in it and looked out among the tomato vines
and weeds that made the garden. No Tom. So she lifted up her voice at an angle
calculated for distance and shouted:
There was a slight noise behind her and she turned just in time to catch a small
boy by the top of his shirt and stop him running.
"I should have thought of that closet. What have you been doing in there?"
"Nothing! Look at your hands. And look at your mouth. What IS that mess?"
"I don't know, aunt."
"Well, I know. It's jam, that's what it is. Forty times I've said to you if you
didn't leave that jam alone I'd skin you. Hand me that stick."
The stick hovered in the air, the danger for Tom was imminent.
"Hey! Look behind you, aunt!"
The old lady turned round quickly, and snatched her skirts out of danger. The
boy immediately ran and climbed up the high board-fence, and disappeared over
His aunt Polly stood surprised for a moment, and then broke into a gentle laugh.
"That boy! can't I ever learn anything? Hasn’t he played enough tricks on me in
the past for me to know him by now? But an old fool is the biggest fool there
is. You can't teach old dog new tricks, as the saying goes. But my goodness, he
never repeats things twice. How am I supposed to know what's coming? He seems to
know just how long he can torment me before I get angry and he knows if he can
make me laugh I can't hit him at all.
I’m not doing my duty with that boy, and that's the Lord's truth, goodness
knows. Spare the rod and you spoil the child, as the Good Book says. I'm doing
wrong suffering for us both, I know. He's full of trouble but he's my own dead
sister's boy, poor thing, and I haven’t got the heart to hit him. Every time I
let him off, my conscience hurts me so much, and every time I hit him my old
heart almost breaks.
He'll play truant this evening, and I'll just have to make him work, to-morrow,
to punish him. It's really hard to make him work Saturdays, when all the boys
are on holiday, but he hates work more than he hates anything else, and I've GOT
to do some of my duty by him, or I'll ruin the child."
* The text has been adapted from the Adventures
of Tom Sawyer
by Mark Twain